Dermatology Q&A: Tackling pigmentation

Dr. Aparna Santhanam, consultant dermatologist, answers readers’ questions on Dermatology. Get your doubts cleared and see them featured on our FAQ page every Friday.
This week’s answers:

1. Hi, My age is 29 and I have pigmentation problem .So please let me know how to cure it from the root.
Anita
Skin pigmentation is a very common problem that comes due to many reasons like sun exposure, hormonal changes and early skin ageing. Apart from taking treatment from a dermatologist I recommend using a moisturizer regularly.
Coconut oil contains vitamin E, an antioxidant beneficial to the skin and sun protecting.
It is ideal to use moisturizer with natural ingredients like coconut. Coconut oil and cream, for instance, have a unique mechanism of moisturizing and hydrating the skin by locking the moisture through penetrating deep into the skin without occluding the surface .This not only makes them effective but ensures that the skin stays moisturized for longer periods
In addition, use a dual protection sun screen regularly and visit a doctor to get a skin lightening cream to reduce the pigmentation

2. I m suffering from skin related disease since childhood but it has aggravated from last two years now. I have taken homeopathy for six months, but it has aggravated more. Now I m taking steroids prednisone 10 mg for last 1 year & some Ayurveda medicine too. My skin is always itching all over body. My life is miserable, kindly help me!!!
Arun Gupta
There are many skin diseases and hence it is difficult to give a generic answer. I would recommend you to go a meet a dermatologist at the earliest. Most skin conditions are treatable today, so do not panic, seek help immediately.

3. Dear doctor, I have oily skin with occasional pimples near the sides of my nose. My scalp is oily too with dandruff. Please suggest some treatment.
Kausalya
Oily skin leads to pimples or acne which need to be treated appropriately by a dermatologist. Use an oil free face wash meant for oily skin and follow it up with an alcohol free toner. For your scalp use different shampoos in rotation to prevent build up and use an anti dandruff shampoo once a week.

4. Hi. I’m 38yrs old. I use sunscreen on my face and neck but my neck is getting some lines on it now. How can I prevent this? I don’t use moisturizer.
Seena
Like pigmentation, women get lines on their neck due to ageing. The way in which we use sunscreen for face and skin, moisturizing your skin is equally important. Moisturizing regularly is one of the simplest ways to avoid skin from looking aged. Moisturizers with natural ingredient base, specifically coconut are extremely beneficial for skin and will result in smooth and supple skin with regular usage. Don’t restrict to only moisturizing your face. Moisturizing the entire body is important.

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