Low-cal diet improves heart function in obese diabetics

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A low-calorie diet eliminates insulin dependence and leads to improved heart function in obese patients with type 2 diabetes, a new study has claimed.

Diabetes is a chronic illness in which there are high levels of glucose in the blood, and type 2 is the most common form of diabetes, representing 90 to 95 percent of diagnosed cases among adults.

`Lifestyle interventions may have more powerful beneficial cardiac effects than medication in these patients,` Sebastiaan Hammer, the lead author, said.

`It is striking to see how a relatively simple intervention of a very low calorie diet effectively cures type 2 diabetes mellitus. Moreover, these effects are long term, illustrating the potential of this method,` he said.

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Pericardial fat is a visceral fat compartment around the heart that can be detrimental to cardiac function, especially in people with metabolic disease.

Hammer and his colleagues set out to determine the long-term effects of initial weight loss induced by caloric restriction on pericardial fat and cardiac function in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.

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