Nutritional requirement for seniors
The word senior has replaced the word elderly in recent times. The population of seniors has increased in almost all developed countries. Even in a developing country like India their number is increasing remarkably, thanks to improvement in medical services. Energy needs and nutritional requirements continue to change, as we grow older. The goal of nutritional care should be to help the aged to achieve a healthy, useful and happy life.
A nutritious diet should be provided to seniors for maintaining their health and also for improving resistance to illness.
When does old age begin?
When can we say that one has become a senior citizen? A person above 60 years is considered as a senior citizen. Retired persons are also termed as elderly. But the fact is that every one is moving from his youth to the next stage in life. In every person regeneration and degeneration of tissues occurs. At a young age regeneration is more than degeneration, whereas in old age the degeneration is more than regeneration. This ageing process effects the physiological, psychological and immunological functions of the body.
How can we take care of health during the senior stage?
One should mentally prepare himself and be aware that his body requires a nutritive diet to withstand the onslaught of old age. Let us examine what happens to the body and its tissues during this state. The wear and tear will have its own effects on internal organs, muscles and, bones. The physiological changes of ageing will modify their nutritional needs. Senior citizens must take a balanced diet that will provide adequate nutrient to look after his specific requirement. The diet must contain essential nutrients to prevent diseases and to check early damage to the tissues. Regular moderate exercise is very essential to maintain healthy life of a senior.