Stress, hectic lifestyle raises IVF demand

Once upon a time, In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) was largely popular among middle-aged women to resolve pregnancy problems. But now young urban women who are unable to conceive due to a stressful life, long working hours and late marriages are increasingly falling back on it, experts say.

`Earlier, most of my patients who used to opt for IVF treatment were in the age group of 38-45 years. But in the last six-seven years, I have observed a shift in the age group of women seeking this treatment,` said Indira Ganeshan, IVF expert and gynecologist.

`Today, about 70 percent of my patients are in the age group of 23-32. This trend is visible only in urban areas. The reasons behind this shift are multiple. Urban couples are stress-laden with both husband and wife working for long hours. They don`t have the time and patience to develop a nurturing relationship and want fast results,` she added.

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IVF is a process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the human body. Hormonal injections are given to the patient to increase the productivity of the eggs. The eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilised with sperm of the partner within a controlled cultured environment.

The fertilised egg is then transferred to the patient`s uterus with the aim of establishing a successful pregnancy.

Ganeshan pointed out the IVF reached India simultaneously after its invention — the world`s first IVF baby, Louise Brown, was born July 25, 1978, in Britain. India`s first IVF baby Durga was born Oct 3 the same year.

While IVF has been around for more than three decades, its demand has shot up in the last few years.

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